Imagine dropping a glass on the ground; under normal circumstances, it will shatter into pieces. However, when the applied force differs, its reaction also differs. How Does?
If you try to poke a hole in the bottom of a glass, you will probably break the glass. Well a little chemical What if we told you that you can eliminate this problem with knowledge?
Here we encounter the research of chemist Nikolai Rehbinder. With his research on the surface tension and properties of liquids “The Guide Effect” He discovered the phenomenon we know as and look what happened!
The Rehbinder Effect refers to the interaction between the surface tension of surfactants in solution and solid surfaces.
Surface tension, It describes the attractive forces between molecules on the surface of a liquid, and these forces affect behavior especially at the interfaces of liquids. By studying the interactions at the interfaces of liquids, Rehbinder observed how various materials changed these interactions.
Actually experiment with a simple mug It even shows us how common the Rehbinder Effect is in daily life. Normally, a solid object shatters into pieces in our hands, but when the same process is applied with water, this does not occur.
The applications of the Rehbinder Effect in the industrial field are very diverse.
In sectors such as cleaning products and food industry improve product quality and it is known that this effect is used to optimize production processes.
In order to ensure that these operations are carried out more efficiently by changing the mechanical properties of rocks and other materials in oil extraction and mining operations. Guide Effect is being used.
So what is this effect? How does it occur?
This effect explains the interaction of liquids with solid surfaces and is based on two basic mechanisms.
First, the surface is deformed by microscopic friction and wear. Under the influence of mechanical force, breaks and cracks occur on the surface. When we look at the second mechanism, this is the effect on the material surface. are chemical reactions. Under the influence of mechanical force, the surface chemical bonds are broken and new bonds are formed.
In simple terms, these reactions cause stress accumulation on the material surface and crack formation causes.
The surfaces of solid materials are more energetically active and therefore to chemical reactions is more prone. The Rehbinder Effect refers to the situation where polar liquids such as water affect the surface of a solid material and change its structural integrity and mechanical properties.
This effect is important for the processing of materials. daily Keep in mind that you can also use it for simpler tasks in your life.
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