The Inspiring Story of the Doctor Who Brought X-Ray to Turkey

Discovered by the German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen in 1895, the X-ray was used during the Turkish-Greek war by Esad Feyzi Bey, a senior medical student, just two years after its discovery. Thus, he became the first person to use X-ray in the medical field.

Today, especially in X-ray medicine, electricity generation, animal husbandry, agriculture, earth sciences, biological treatment, food preservation, archeology and criminology. used in many fields.

Let’s talk about the history of the X-ray and in the medical field Let’s take a closer look at the story of its first use.

Wilhelm Röntgen discovered a type of ray on November 8, 1895, which he called “X-Ray” because it was unknown what it was.

While experimenting in his lab, Röntgen wrapped a glass tube in opaque black paper. A positive metal electrode was connected to one end of this vacuum-evacuated cylindrical tube and a negative metal electrode to the other end (Crookes tube). While Röntgen was waiting for the “electrons” to go from negative to positive in this experiment. Something he never expected happened.

As it was pitch dark inside and electric current was running through the tube, he noticed that a light flashed on the table, and a greenish glow was reflected from a plate on the table. Realizing that when he removed this bariumplatinocyanide-coated plate and repeated the experiment, he got the same result. He realized that he had found an “unknown” ray.


You Will Have A Little Enlightenment When You Learn Why Not Another Letter Is Used Instead Of “X” For The Unknown

He took the first X-ray with his wife’s ringed hand.

First X-Ray Film

This ray, which was initially called the X-Ray, later became Also called the “X-Ray Ray”, after Wilhelm Röntgen.


Interesting Detail in the First X-Ray Film Taken 124 Years Ago

X-rays were announced in the French journal “La Semaine Medicale” dated January 29, 1896, and thanks to this journal, Esad Feyzi Bey, who is known as the pioneer of radiology in Turkey, learned about X rays.

La Semaine Medicale Magazine

Gülhane Military Medical School senior student who learned the technique from the magazine Esad Feyzi Bey was able to obtain X-rays and thus made the first X-ray radiograph in Turkey. Akil Muhtar Özden, a professor at the Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, who was with Feyzi Bey in the first trial, expressed his surprise about the first trial with the following sentences:

“A photographic glass was placed on the table covered with several layers of black paper. The tube was placed. I put my hand on the glass. Finally, time was enough. We immediately ran to the dark room. We developed the picture. The first X-ray radiograph was made in Turkey. The bones of my hand were noticeable. I cannot describe the love and admiration I feel for Assad Feyzi. Then pictures of other hands were taken.”

Esad Feyzi, together with Rıfat Osman, in order to popularize the x-ray device he named “Unknown Rays”, Yıldız Hamidiye Sultan Imperial Hospital chief surgeon Prof. Dr. He applied to Cemil Topuzlu. In their petition to Cemil Topuzlu, it was written:

The first X-ray device in the Ottoman Empire named Unknown Shua

“As it is read with gratitude and gratitude that the wounded Ottoman Veterans will be treated in the supreme Yıldız Hospital, the unknown beams device, which is in the physics laboratory of the Military Medical School, is transferred to the aforementioned supreme hospital. to determine the nature of bullet fragments with unknown locations and bone fractures occurring in various situations. We kindly request and request that the aforementioned device be used by us, and thus, the honor of X-ray surgery is given to Ottoman medicine in the world of civilization and that the wounded are saved from their long sufferings, to intercede. Esad Feyzi, Rifat Osman.”

prof. Dr. Cemil Topuzlu accepted the request with this petition; Thus, X-rays began to be used in Yıldız Hospital to diagnose the injured.

The first X-ray studies in the Ottoman Empire

The first x-ray was taken to detect the shrapnel in the right wrist of a soldier named Boyabatlı Mehmet, who was injured in the Turkish-Greek war. Thus, X-ray also began to help wounded soldiers during the war.

The first x-ray in the Ottoman

Sultan Abdulhamid, Dr. Esad Feyzi Bey and Dr. He rewarded Rıfat Osman.

Esad Feyzi Bey and Rifat Osman Bey

Abdulhamid was very pleased with these developments and 15 coins gold rewarded these two physicians by giving

The head of the Red Cross organization, Dr. Hermann Küttner was impressed by this practice he saw during his visit to the hospital, and after the report he gave to the then German Emperor Kaiser Wilhelm in 1898, Yıldız Hamidiye Etfal Hospital was presented with a modern x-ray machine.

Dr. Hermann Küttner

Dr. Esad Feyzi Bey started to teach X-rays as a lesson in schools.

The picture describing the treatment in Esad Feyzi Bey’s textbook.

Esad Feyzi Bey started to teach ilm-i wisdom-i Tabiye, ilm’ül-arz and ilm’ül-maadin in schools. He introduced X-rays and included them in the courses of the Medical School. He also made a request to Chief Surgeon Cemil Topuzlu and enabled the opening of a unit called “Röntgen Şu’a’ati Provincial Inspection Branch” in the surgery department.

Esad Feyzi Bey collected his X-ray studies in his book titled “Röntgen Şu’a’ati ve Tatbikat-ı Tıbbiye ve Sahnesi”. Thus, he wrote the first book about X-rays in our country.

The book of Röntgen Şu'aat ve Tatbikat-ı Medicine and Surgery

In the last part of this work, Application areas of X-rays was listed as follows:

  • “In the determination of the place of bullet and ball pieces in the body
  • In determining the location of foreign bodies escaping into the esophagus, especially in children.
  • In the determination of the location of objects such as needles and awls that prick and break in any part of the body
  • Treatment of fractures, sprains and joint dislocations
  • In the diagnosis of bone diseases (such as osteomyelitis, osteomyelitis, marrow inflammation, bone tuberculosis, muscle tuberculosis, hardening of the bone)
  • In the examination of hand and foot deformities
  • In the diagnosis of kidney and bladder stones
  • In determining the condition and position of the fetus in the uterus before or at the time of birth
  • in the forensic field
  • Differentiating real diamond from fake diamond
  • In the examination of those sent by mail

Esad Feyzi Bey died in 1901 when he was 28 years old, when a wound on his face turned into meningitis.

Assad Feyzi Bey


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