“We will take steps to increase the supply of vaccines and important medical products,” it says. Delivery and financing problems are also to be eliminated. The supply chains are to be improved in order to expand the distribution of vaccines. Local and regional manufacturing capacities are also to be increased through joint production and processing agreements.
This also includes “hubs for voluntary technology transfer in various regions” such as recently in South Africa, Brazil and Argentina. The statement immediately met with criticism from activists. The development organization One was “disappointed and concerned” because the ministers had not presented any concrete details or plans on how they wanted to achieve the goal.
The heads of state and government could, in their deliberations over the weekend, “turn the promises into action,” said Emily Wigens of One. “Without new commitments, this summit risks nothing but hot air.” Before the summit, other organizations had also feared that that the 40 percent target can hardly be achieved by the end of the year.
While around 70 percent of the population in rich countries is already vaccinated, in poor countries it is between two and four percent, according to various estimates. The Monetary Fund (IMF) recently reported that 96 percent of people in low-income countries were not vaccinated.