Why Are Football Fields One Light and One Dark?

While watching football matches, we see some grasses on the field as light and some as dark. Does the use of these lines have an effect on the game? Let’s see together.

In past years of Galatasaray In Nef Stadium, where he played his home matches, the ground could not be made suitable for playing the desired fast and rusty game. yellow team, high technical He had players and the floor was a problem for them. Although there are various reasons for this problem, the most basic problem was that the grass could not be attached to the ground as desired.

If I have the time and the budget to spare for tickets, I watch every sporting organization I find. Most of these organizations football matches creates. When I compared my stadium experiences, I thought that the main problem in the Galatasaray stadium was the arena-type tribunes that are too steep and high, and the location of the stadium. Ideal for creating atmosphere arena styleIn a relatively dark stadium like Nef Stadium, where it is difficult for the ground to receive sunlight with its direction and high structure, it did not allow the grass to green.

Although it is an arena, it is placed on a hillside and has a different direction. Vodafone Park did not have such a problem. Hybrid grasses were suitable for playing ball and showing the difference of quality feet if the club management did not allow concerts to be held. Championship race between two teams turning in favor of black and whites This was one of the hidden but important points.

Well, what’s so important is the ground, only with naturally growing grass Is it possible to protect? The answer is of course no.

First of all, why are the colors of the grass different?

Anyone who has ever seen grass in his life should know that the palm (inner) part of the grass leaves. more darkthe lower part of the leaves more open has seen it. When the lawns are cut in different directions while being cut with giant lawnmowers, when we look from the stands or on the screen, we mainly see one side of the grass. This gives us lines of light-dark greens.

So what is the purpose of these lines?

One of the purposes of the lines is that the players themselves easier positioning to ensure. Also, when a foul occurs, the referees the point of the foul to determine exactly, to determine the point where they will build a dam, find out if it’s offside They also benefit from the lines formed by the grass in subjects such as. Let’s take a look at how these grasses have become so important.

The emergence of modern fields or “This place used to be mulberry”…

old fields

What we see today in the early years of football there were no grass fields but the lawns and fields still existed. On the other hand, often matches on the ground too was played. When it rained, the fields turned into a muddy sea, and the football players had to wrestle with the field. The soil would freeze in the winter and dry out and crack in the summer.

In order to keep the ball playable on the fields, the teams tried methods such as covering the fields with straw in time and burning stoves on the field so that the ground would not freeze. These methods were not very successful, even in the 1960s. Halifax Towngave up completely and opened the Shay Stadium, where they played their home matches, as an ice rink to the service of citizens.

Everton needs a special parenthesis here.


british team EvertonMaybe it was never the most popular team in the country, but it was a very important team for football fields. First of all, in the early days, if the teams found such a neat grassy area, they would play there. Everton also played their games, which they use today. Goodison Park He was playing at Stanley Park, which is between Anfield and Liverpool’s home ground. Even though it sounds like the name of the stadium when you write it like that Stanley ParkIt was a place no different from Pendik Beach, where people we know were sitting on the grass and having a picnic or something. One of the team members had a field nearby and as Everton’s spectators started to increase, the team started playing their games on that field. After a while, the team was evacuated and went to Goodison Park, as the noise of the crowd had “buffed” the landlord.

Goodison Park, in 1958 It was one of the first examples of a developed stadium in football. Electric heaters and drainage pipes were placed under the site to drain the water from the site. Thus, the field could be kept warm in winter.

Although the system works up to a point, especially due to melting snow the drainage system overflowed. The heating system has become unusable. Underfloor heating was better than expected. Therefore, the old drainage system was replaced.

It was during this period that the first artificial grasses began to appear.

artificial grass

In the USA, which has not fully figured out football, first generation artificial grass appeared. These grasses had nothing to do with the realistic artificial grass we see today. If the carpet is used on the field “This field is so ugly, let’s play the next game somewhere else” these grasses to be called concrete or asphalt from glued nylon threads it consisted of The balls were bouncing wildly, the crampons made of the wrong material were sticking to the floor, and the risk of injury was high.

To protect the field Leicester City The team aimed to protect the field with warm air by covering it with a nylon dome that looked like a giant greenhouse. In the 1980s, teams from QPR, Luton Town, Oldham and Preston began using second-generation artificial turf. Having the same problems as the previous generation and called 2G, these artificial floors were banned in 1995.

And then once again money spoke.

money dollar

your football moving to television revenues increased. On top of the increase in revenues, technical managers who already wanted good grounds began to press for better turf. At present, grass growing techniques were also developing. Finally, publishersLet the pitches be smooth, look good on camera” saying when you open your mouth lawns developed rapidly.

In the 1990s, 2G artificial grass was banned. When you slide on the carpet that burns your skin While working on 3G artificial floors that will replace 2G, which looks like rubbery, smelly floors, Huddersfield, which hosts both football and rugby matches, uses the ground until 2011 endured, despite heavy use.

2001 in the year Fifa and UEFAstarted to work to increase the quality of the ground and brought a certain standard to this issue. In 2004, field conditions entered the rules of the game. For example, the length of the grass would no longer exceed 3.5 cm.

How to make the perfect football ground?


grass today 4 seasons It can stay green. This is provided by both the type of grass and newly developed technologies. In addition, grass is no longer expected to grow out of the soil, they are grown in another place and spread over the field like a carpet. So how do you make a really good floor? Let’s go step by step.

Step 1: We start with the drainage channel.


It rains on the field, floods flow, snow falls, something will definitely happen. So what are we doing? to the bottom a proper drainage system we are building. After correcting our site, we need to do this by opening drainage channels and covering the channels with a permanent membrane. We cover the drainage boats that we laid in the channels we dug with sand, pebbles and some substrates and level the ground again.

Step 2: Time to place the heating

heating system

The first generation heating systems only had an on-off feature. So you had to either heat the entire floor or not heat any part of the floor at the same time. In the new generation, the desired area of ​​the field can be heated. So let’s say Şenol Güneş Sports ComplexIf the sea side is in the shade and it gets cold, it is possible to heat only that area. It is also possible to heat the field at different times and at different levels.

Usually after heating lines are laid sensors that detect ambient temperature is placed on the field. Optionally, irrigation channels can be placed at this level. Thus, freezing of the pipes or the water in the pipes can be prevented, especially in regions where winters are difficult.

Step 3: Then let’s throw the substrate again.


The purpose of this substrate is to protect both our pipes and the grass and our players. We throw it in two layers. The first layer consists of pebbles and thick sand. In the second layer, soft soil with a sandy texture is used. This layer thicknessalthough it varies from region to region roughly 20 centimeters happens around.

At this stage, the ground as straight as possible it should. For this reason, it is necessary to make sure that the substrate is evenly distributed and the ground becomes flat.

Step 4: Let’s lay our lawn.

lawn laying

Yes, let’s chill. No one is on the field anymore. does not grow grass. These grasses are produced by specialized companies according to the demand. exactly 14 months produced by a study. Then, piece by piece, it is laid on the field like a carpet. Although the teams can grow their own grass, this method is not preferred. Natural grass can handle a maximum of two events per week. Afterwards, the field begins to spill and crumble.

What grass growers offer to teams different grass options exists. In other words, there are differences between the grass used in Corendon Airlines Park Antalya and the grass used in Sivas Yeni 4 Eylül Stadium. Moreover, the options are not limited to this. There are also alternatives such as grass where the ball goes faster, grass with less bounce, grass that recovers faster. When our grass comes, we spread it on the field and water it.

Step 5: Let’s connect the pitch.


Our lawns are like carpets in rolls we’ve got our grass to keep them together on the field. we don’t patch needs. Machines using fiber threads and nylon tie together the pieces of grass laid on the field. These bonds make up three percent of an average floor. These patch seams go about 20 centimeters deep. Grass roots are also growing around these seams.

Step 6: Maintenance, because if we don’t, it becomes a field.

field maintenance

A few hundred thousand dollars, after giving millions of dollars to the place if we don’t take care of our lawn In a very short time, the field will become unusable again. That’s why we need to take good care of our lawn. At this point, stadiums are unfortunately one of the first enemies of turf.

Once around the grass on the field with stands she is blond. This causes the air flow to be slow and winds are not often encountered. Grasses over time to collapse and lie down starts. For this reason, it is tried to create a wind effect with giant ventilators.

Moreover with standing lights the grass is heated. Although this method provides significant advantages for lawns that do not receive enough sunlight, it can also trigger fungus and weed growth in the field. And we mow them all with large lawn mowers.

Step 7: Mowing the lawn is the most enjoyable part of the job

mowing lawn

This mowing is not done haphazardly either, until match days the lawn is pruned by 2 millimeters every day. Then we need to fertilize our field with a nice suitable fertilizer. In addition, it will be necessary to sow seeds in the heavily eroded areas of the field several times a year. Holes must be drilled in the floor for air and water flow.

modern machines grass in millimeters can mow to be adjusted. Grasses that are cut too deeply can turn yellow over time.

As we mentioned at the beginning of the article, grasses, light or dark green depending on the direction of cut it seems. These different colored stripes have to be either perfectly vertical or perfectly horizontal. Because, according to FIFA and UEFA rules, other shapes are not allowed on the floors. It is known that there were teams that preferred to mow in a round shape or diagonally before. When the field lines are drawn, we are ready to play the match.

As you can see, football is now a game where there is competition in every field, and playgrounds have become a part of this competition.


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