What Is Dumping Syndrome, What Are Its Symptoms?

The food first enters our mouth, from there it goes down to our stomach, and finally it is thrown out of our intestines. If the process of descending from the stomach to the intestine takes a shorter time than usual, this can cause a condition called dumping syndrome. Let’s take a closer look at what is dumping syndrome, which generally occurs in people who have had stomach surgery, and what are the symptoms.

Unlike animals, humans eat not only for satiety, but also for pleasure. However, sometimes after the meal, all our enjoyment is spoiled. Many annoying symptoms such as bloating, fatigue, burning, rapid heart palpitations can occur after eating due to different ailments. Here is one of the disorders that cause these symptoms. It is called dumping syndrome by experts.

Dumping syndrome is a feeling of discomfort after eating. The main reason is that the food that goes from our mouth to our stomach goes down to the intestines much faster than normal. It is generally seen in people who have had stomach surgery and people who have an unhealthy diet. Let’s take a closer look at what is dumping syndrome Let’s see the symptoms and treatment methods.

Let’s start by explaining briefly; What is dumping syndrome?

Dumping syndrome is a type of stomach condition. Generally Symptoms appear 10 – 30 minutes after eating or 1 – 3 hours after eating. Dumping syndrome, also called gastric emptying, is often considered a condition that occurs in people who have had stomach surgery or esophageal surgery. Table sugar called sucrose or fruit sugar called fructose has a much higher risk of developing dumping syndrome after a meal.

Good, but what causes dumping syndrome, who gets it?

You put the food in your mouth, chew it and send it to your stomach, the stomach breaks them down with acid and sends them to the intestine, performing intestinal absorption and finally expelling the pulp. While this natural process takes place, a certain amount of time passes. However the descent of food and acid from the stomach into the intestine in dumping syndrome It happens at an unusual speed, causing discomfort to the person.

In general, people with dumping syndrome have stomach surgery called gastrectomy, obesity surgery called gastric bypass or people who have had esophageal surgery called esophagectomy. People who do not have this type of surgery may also experience symptoms of dumping syndrome, although it is not very common.

What are the obvious dumping syndrome symptoms?

  • Bloating after eating
  • Abnormal feeling of fullness
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • abdominal cramp
  • body rashes
  • dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Sweating
  • feeling tired
  • mental confusion
  • loss of concentration
  • Fainting
  • Shake

Common in people with dumping syndrome Here are the most common symptoms. Some of these symptoms may appear 10 to 30 minutes after eating, while others may appear 1 to 3 hours later. These symptoms will become evident after a meal, especially after consuming table sugar called scarose or fruit sugar called fructose.

How is dumping syndrome diagnosed?

When you go to the doctor with the complaint that you frequently experience the symptoms mentioned above, first of all, your surgery history is checked. Low blood sugar may also be associated with this disorder. A blood sugar test may be requested. Endoscopy is also one of the tests used to diagnose dumping syndrome. Feeding a radioactive substance to the patient and watching him with special imaging tools is also among the diagnostic methods of dumping syndrome.

So how is dumping syndrome treated?

If you are experiencing dumping syndrome after an operation, under normal conditions this discomfort will go away on its own in 7 to 12 weeks. Dietary recommendations or medication can be given to help the patient get through this process in the easiest way possible. If the problem persists and the patient has started to lose weight, surgical methods can be applied. With the special surgical methods applied, the stomach is emptied more slowly.

There are mitigation measures you can take on your own:

  • Be sure to chew food thoroughly before swallowing.
  • Do not lie down for half an hour after a meal.
  • Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day between meals, not during meals.
  • Eat six small meals, not three large meals.

People with dumping syndrome to reduce his discomfort Here are some of the precautions they can take on their own. When we look at these measures, we see that there are measures that will be good for many different stomach ailments as well as dumping syndrome.

dumping syndrome

Foods that people with dumping syndrome should avoid:

  • Pasta
  • Rice
  • White bread
  • Milk
  • Dairy products
  • table sugar
  • Syrupy drinks
  • carbonated drinks
  • Fruit juice
  • Prepared foods
  • Spirits

People with dumping syndrome foods to avoid It is possible to reproduce this way. Since sugar is the basis of this ailment, it is possible to add all kinds of foods that are high in sugar to this list.

Recommended foods for people with dumping syndrome:

  • High fiber foods
  • Protein foods
  • Egg
  • Fish
  • Oat
  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • White meat
  • Red meat
  • peanut butter
  • complex carbohydrates
  • Vegetable

People with dumping syndrome recommended foods It is possible to reproduce this way. The aim in this disorder is to prefer foods that will pass from the stomach to the intestine more slowly. Foods high in fiber and protein-rich foods will pass from the stomach to the intestine much more slowly. Exercises that are not too heavy will also be good for dumping syndrome.

When should you go to the doctor?

If you have had a stomach or esophagus surgery and you see such symptoms, be sure to tell about this during your routine check-ups. If your self-care measures don’t work and dumping syndrome If the intensity of the symptoms continues to increase You should definitely go to the nearest health institution.

Post-meal discomfort in those who have had gastric surgery in general. What is dumping syndrome, what are the symptoms We answered frequently asked questions such as: What we describe is for informational purposes only. Do not forget that you should get the most accurate and specific information about dumping syndrome from a specialist physician, as in all health issues.


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