Typhoid may turn into a major epidemic soon!

A new study published in The Lancet showed that the bacteria that causes typhoid fever rapidly increases resistance to antibiotics. According to the scientists, the research is a new alarm for action against typhoid.

Despite all the treatments available today, typhoid fever, which is effective especially in underdeveloped countries, occurs on average every year. nearly 200,000 people died. it causes. A study has been published that worries about the disease caused by the bacterium called ‘Typhi’, a subspecies of Salmonella bacterium, which has been present for hundreds of years.

New research published in The Lancet, the well-established journal of the medical world, showed that the bacterium that causes typhoid fever started to increase its resistance to drugs rapidly. Researchers examining Typhi bacteria from Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and India between 2014 and 2019 found that the bacterium by increasing resistance to antibiotics encountered.

Rapidly increasing the resistance of bacteria that cause typhoid:

Today, only one of the antibiotics used for the prevention of typhoid continues to play an active role. But new research has shown that it increases the resistance of Typhi bacteria to this antibiotic, azithromycin. So much so that a sample of bacteria that was discovered to be drug-resistant in an investigation in Pakistan was found in the period from 2016 to 2019. became the dominant genotype in the population.

According to scientists, the new research is to prevent typhoid fever from turning into a major epidemic in the future. it was alarming. The measure suggested by scientists in this regard is the use of ‘typhoid conjugate’ vaccines in typhoid endemic countries. Today, Pakistan is the leading country in this regard. The country was the first in the world to routinely vaccinate for typhoid.


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