Turkey’s Largest Mountains and Interesting Features

Our country is very rich in mountains and mountain ranges due to the geological time period it was formed and its location. Some of these mountains, which are found in each of our regions, are kilometers long. Its features are very interesting. Let’s take a closer look at Turkey’s largest mountains, which fascinate those who see them, and see the prominent features of these mountains.

Anatolian lands, which have been home to us Turks for hundreds of years, were formed in the fourth geological period and were shaped in this period. This geography, sandwiched between the Asian and African plates, is extremely rich in mountains and mountain ranges. Of course, there are much larger mountains in many different parts of the world, but Turkey’s largest mountains They have a height of kilometers to compete with the world.

Turkey’s largest mountains, which fascinate those who see them, do not only attract attention with their heights, but also have many interesting features. You may even be hearing about most of these features for the first time. Moreover, some of them even have a religious significance as the region is the cradle of civilization. Bride Let’s take a closer look at Turkey’s largest mountains and let’s see some of the most notable features of these mountains.

Turkey’s largest mountains:

Mount Ararat:

Mount Ararat, which is the highest mountain in Turkey with its height of 5137 meters, is located in Doğubeyazıt district of Ağrı. The mountain has names in many different languages, but The Turkish name has been used since the 13th century. Mount Ararat has two peaks called Atatürk Peak and İnönü Peak. At its highest peak there is a glacial area of ​​about 10 square kilometers.

According to Judaism and Christianity, Noah’s ark is on the summit of Mount Ararat. In the Qur’an, Mount Judi is indicated for this mountain. Marco Polo said that Mount Ararat can never be climbed. The first ascent was made by Friedrich Parrot in 1829. Although it was banned for a while, Mount Ararat is a popular climbing route today.

Mount Cilo:

cilo mountain

Cilo Mountain, which is the second highest mountain in Turkey with an altitude of 4170 meters, is located in Yüksekova district of Hakkari. Cilo Mountain, the easternmost extension of the Southeast Taurus Mountains, Although it is a tectonic mountain, it is covered with snow and glaciers. These glaciers are collected in three regions as Cilo, Sat and Kabuşşahap.

After 3500 meters of Cilo Mountain, it is always snowy and there is severe glaciation. 10 kilometers long boat valleys, The 2,000-meter moraine levees and hump rocks were formed by the effect of glaciation. Ludwig Sperlich and Ludwig Krenek made a climb to the Uludoruk summit of Cilo Mountain for the first time in 1931.

Mount Suphan:

mountain of suphan

Mount Süphan, with a height of 4049 meters, is a stravolcano located in Bitlis. on Mount Süphan, located in the northern part of Lake Van. The last volcanic activity took place in the 8th millennium BC. is estimated. Sandıktepe is the highest peak of Mount Süphan with a height of 4048 meters. At the summit of Sandıktepe, there is a 1 kilometer diameter lava mound and glacial lakes. Due to the volcanic structure around the mountain, there is fertile soil.

Kackar Mountain:

Kaçkar Mountain

Kackar Mountain, with a height of 3932 meters, is in Rize, but its peak is within the borders of Artvin. Kackar, It is derived from the word koçkar, which means ram in Kipchak Turkish. The streams on the northern slope of Kaçkar Mountain flow into the Black Sea, and the streams on the southern slope flow into the Çoruh River.

There are fir and spruce forests in the part of Kaçkar Mountain up to 2100 meters. Mountain pastures are encountered as you rise, and glaciers are encountered at the highest. In order to climb Kaçkar Mountain, different routes can be followed, namely the classical route, the eastern ridge, the glacial route, the great glacier route and the small glacier route.

Mount Erciyes:

erciyes mountain

Erciyes Mountain, with a height of 3916 meters, is a stravolcano located in Kayseri. The age of the rock is estimated to be 30 million years. When the Roman period coins are examined, it is estimated that the last volcanic activities on Mount Erciyes took place in 253 BC.

Erciyes Mountain, the highest mountain of Central Anatolia, is included in the Alpine belt. The geographer Strabo, who lived between 64 and 24 BC, He mentions that the mountain peak is always covered with snow. Today, only the northern slope of the summit has a glacier. It is thought that the fairy chimneys were formed due to lava erupting from Mount Erciyes.

Kucukagri Mountain:

little mountain of pain

Küçükağrı Mountain, with a height of 3896 meters, is the highest mountain in Turkey, located in Doğubeyazıt district of Ağrı. It is considered as the secondary peak of Mount Ararat. The Turkish-Iranian border crosses the slope of the mountain. There is an ice cave 50 meters wide, 100 meters long and 8 meters deep on the south side of Küçükağrı Mountain. Serdar Bulak Pass, which connects Mount Ararat and Küçükağrı Mountain, was used as a military barracks by the Russian army for a while.

Kizilkaya Mountain:

Kizilkaya mountain

Kızılkaya Mountain, which has a height of 3767 meters; It is located in the Aladağlar National Park between Niğde, Kayseri and Adana. It is the highest peak of the Taurus Mountains. The first ascent to the Kızılkaya Mountains was made in 1927 by Georg Künne and Wilhelm Martin. Although there are many different routes for climbing, the most popular is to use the Çelikbuyduran pass.

Demirkazik Mountain:

iron stake mountain

Demirkazık Mountain, with a height of 3756 meters, is located in the Aladağlar region of Niğde. It is the highest mountain in the region after Kızılkaya Mountain. The first ascent to the summit of Demirkazık Mountain took place in 1927. The guide of this climb was a Turkish named Governor Sergeant. The first ascent to the northern wall of Demirkazık Mountain took place in 1972.

Mount Artos:

artos mountain

Artos Mountain, with a height of 3550 meters, is located within the borders of Gavaş district of Van. Artos Mountain, also known as Tent Mountain, It is the continuation of the Southeast Taurus. The mountain’s habitat includes a wide variety of animals such as bears, rabbits, partridges and wolves. Artos Mountain, which is an ideal area to install wind turbines, also contains lead ore. Butterfly is one of the favorite places of botanists due to its diversity.

Coral Mountains:

coral mountains

The Mercan Mountains, which have a height of 3549 meters, are also known as the Munzur Mountains. Within the borders of Tunceli and Erzincan, It is located in the Upper Euphrates region. The Coral Mountains, which are about 5 million years old, are an extension of the Taurus Mountains. Covered with glacial lakes and oak forests, the Coral Mountains have a rich ecosystem. Munzur Valley National Park, which has an area of ​​42 thousand hectares around the mountain, was established in 1971.

Fascinating onlookers Listing Turkey’s largest mountains We briefly talked about the prominent features of these mountains. It is a pity that our mountains with such unique characteristics cannot be introduced to the world. You can share your thoughts in the comments.

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