Many people think that the Taj Mahal, one of the most magnificent examples of the 7 wonders of the world, is either a Hindu temple or a mosque with four minarets. However, this magnificent structure reflects the great love of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan engraved in marble.
This rare example of Mughal Empire architectureWhile it has a very special position among all Islamic works, it is not only used by Muslims; He is respected and loved by Christians, Jews and members of all other religions.
Moreover, the architect of this building, the master of the architectural works of the Ottoman Empire that influenced the whole world, spread its reputation as far as India. Mimar Sinan’s student is Muhammed Isa.
Shah Cihan, whose name means “king of the world”, crossed paths with 16-year-old Ercüment Banu Begüm when he was still a prince.
According to court poets Ercüment Banu she was so beautiful that even the moon could not compete with her beauty, she was hiding her face. Shah Cihan was almost taken aback by this beauty. Ercüment Banu Begüm will be his third and only wife in 1612, and after his marriage, the Shah became the king, meaning “the ornament of the palace, the chosen one”. Mumtaz Mahal He would give his name to himself.
Mumtaz Mahal, aside from her beauty, was both intelligent and compassionate. In time, besides being his wife, he became a person whom Shah Cihan consulted on every issue with his intelligence.
Shah Cihan was so confident in himself that it is said in many sources that he gave him an important signing authority. Besides with devotion and kindness He won the hearts of all the people. He clothed the needy, fed them and collected money. As in daily life, he was always with his wife Shah Cihan during the expedition.
In 1631, in the third year of Shah Jahan’s reign Mumtaz Mahal, who was pregnant with her 14th child, gave birth to a healthy baby inside the tent on June 16, 1631. Although everything seemed normal, it suddenly went bad. Shah Cihan, who was on the expedition, immediately went to his wife’s condition as soon as he heard about it.
Despite all the efforts of the doctors, Mumtaz Mahal just 1 day after giving birthAt the age of 38, he breathed his last in the arms of the Shah. According to the records, the Shah was in deep pain at this unexpected death and went to his tent without stopping. It is said that she cried for 8 days.
He had aged 8 years in 8 days.
When Shah Cihan appeared, those who saw the whites in his hair and the lines on his face were quite surprising. 8 days had passed like 8 years. Putting aside his pain, he continued the expeditions without slowing down, but there was only one thought in his mind: He was going to have such a tomb built for his beloved wife. Those who looked at this one-of-a-kind tomb would understand his love for his wife at first sight.
Mumtaz Mahal’s body in December 1631 in AgraHe was buried in a field where the Taj Mahal would be built. Immediately afterwards, work began on the Taj Mahal, which is used to mean the “crown of the region”.
About 2000 models were shown to the Shah until he decided on his current state.
The golden age of the Mughal Empire was under Shah Jahan. Therefore, to the construction started in 1632 All the necessary expenses for the Taj Mahal were not spared either. The work was wanted to represent heaven on earth. Those who saw this structure should have felt the Shah’s great love in the depths of their hearts. No expense was spared for this.
In today’s money, the Shah paid approx. He spent $1,062,834,098.
A team of architects and about 20,000 workers from different countries had gathered.
In the construction, a structure reflecting the Indo-Islamic and Timurid architectural traditions was preferred. The building and its surroundings of the Taj Mahal show that it is a Mughal work in the architectural sense. The dome, which has a height of 82 meters from the ground, was built by Isa Efendi, a student of Mimar Sinan. The work has 4 minarets made of white marble.
Ottoman calligrapher on all four sides of the monument Surah Yasin by Settar Efendi all written.
The work takes on different colors depending on the reflection of the light during the day.
It turns a sweet pink at sunrise, white in the afternoon, and golden at sunset. It is said that these color transitions, It represents the mood of Mumtaz Mahal.
Shah Cihan, who had the idea of having a tomb built for himself right in front of the work that was completed in 1652, was soon deposed by his son Alemgir on the grounds that he had lost his mental balance. To Agra Fort imprisoned. Shah, who spent the last years of his life watching the Taj Mahal from a tiny window, was buried right next to the love of his life, Mumtaz Mahal.
Shah, who immortalized his love by leaving such a beautiful work to the world, symbolizing your love with the Taj Mahal After learning it, it is no longer possible to look at the work with the same eye.
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