One of the three most famous names of the Renaissance period. Leonardo da Vinci He made important discoveries in the field of science and technology. This name, which we know mostly for the pictures he drew, actually contributed to great developments in the fields of science and technique.
Da Vinci, who lived in Italy between 1452 and 1519, is known as a philosopher, astronomer, architect, engineer, inventor, mathematician, anatomist, musician, sculptor, geologist, painter, writer and cartographer. Especially Mona Lisa Known for his painting, da Vinci designed many machines that were not common until the 20th century.
How did Leonardo da Vinci view nature and science?
Famous painter and scientist, Renaissance art learned the scientific foundations (perspective, light, proportions and anatomy). Moreover, he extended these to nature studies. He saw art as the ultimate form of visual knowledge based on understanding the workings of nature.
In fact, in all his works, he sought a core of mathematical rules that govern the functioning of everything in nature. The rules determined how people should explore nature in art, science and technology. Each machine was something new, inspired by nature but not directly imitating it. All his inventions natural science was based on the concept.
Besides his art, Leonardo da Vinci is also known for his vision in science and technology. Civil and military engineering made important designs for He often left his great inventions ‘consciously’ on paper. The inventions he put into practice were expensive and gigantic mechanisms.
The most important intellectual contribution to engineering is the nature of mechanical devices. to mathematical laws He was the first to insist that it should be properly designed. He was also the first to invent individual components or machine parts that could be placed in various devices.
Leonardo da Vinci designed the helicopter in the 15th century
Da Vinci, one of the most famous painters in history, barrel cannon (automatic weapon) developed. He devised such a technique, especially because of the time-wasting of cannon shots during reloading. By designing a multi-barreled cannon, he developed the primitive ancestor of the modern machine gun.
Leonardo da Vinci made another important discovery in the field of science and technology; air screw. This was essentially the forerunner of helicopters that began to be produced in the 20th century. designed in 1493.helical air screw‘ consisted of a flax screw rotating to compress air to initiate flight. In other words, there is a mechanism similar to that used in today’s helicopters. However, this design remained on paper.
Anemometer (wind gauge) is also among da Vinci’s important contributions to technology. This design can be considered associated with flight work. one of the pioneers of the renaissance movement Leon BatistaAdapted from ‘s original design, da Vinci’s contributions have made the device significantly more useful.
Another Leonardo da Vinci technology is swivelbridge. This revolving bridge was not only an engineering marvel, but also disassembled product It was one of the first examples of its design. in the 1480s Duke Sforza The bridge he designed for the army allowed troops to cross rivers quickly. It could also be easily packed and transported for use in another region.
Technically speaking, this bridge had tanks so that it was balanced on both sides of the structure. As for the ease of transport, to the wheels and rope-pulley system was designed.
Winged flying machine (aircraft) design
Leonardo da Vinci, a human-powered flying winged machine. aeroplane did the design. This ornithopter, mainly based on the flying function of bats. It was designed as a wooden frame with two wings with a wingspan of more than about 10 meters. The vehicle was to be made of pure silk as well as pine wood.
Leonardo da Vinci is truly a pioneer in science and technology. This aircraft design is an example of this. Meanwhile, the ornithopter would draw its power from the muscles of the pilot. In addition, the vehicle has a device to control the wings. rod and pulley had the system. However, although this vehicle was designed to continue flying in the air, it was impossible to lift the vehicle from the ground. What distinguishes it from modern aircraft is the absence of an engine mechanism.
self driving car
Leonardo da Vinci, a car also designed. The vehicle was drawn in such a way that it could move without being pushed. According to the designs with coil springs reported to have been strengthened. also brake and steering wheel had systems. The self-driving car, possibly the forerunner of today’s automobiles, is described as ‘unique’.
in Italy Science History Institute and MuseumResearchers at BC rebuilt the car by examining the designs. Researchers have found that Mars RoverHe explained that he was surprisingly similar to .
Apart from these, da Vinci has dozens of designs. For example, the first parachute Sebastian Lenormand(1783), although it turns out that Leonardo designed it earlier. Also robotic knight (a humanoid robot), human anatomy and submarine designs. In particular, his work on human anatomy was groundbreaking. His drawings on this subject contributed to the development of medicine.