How Visually Impaired People See the World

Have you ever thought about the sights you would encounter if you were nearsighted or cataracted? We all wonder how our relatives who have problems with their eyes see the world. Then let’s start reviewing the content we have prepared to satisfy your curiosity without wasting time.

When you wake up in the morning and start a new day, after a frosted glass imagine what you see. Moreover, it is not a momentary situation; You have to go on with your life like this all day long, for months or even years.

sound eerie We know you’re coming. How about empathizing with those who live with visual impairments, even if only for a few minutes?

Myopia: It is the result of the eyeball becoming longer than it should be, resulting in the image falling in front of the retina.

Around us, to see far into the distance people squinting we’ll see. This involuntary movement of the person signals that he or she is probably nearsighted.

Those with myopia, which is among the most common visual disorders, may have difficulty choosing the number of the bus coming from afar or reading the subtitles while watching a movie on TV. As the situation gets serious, that is, as the degree of myopia increases, it can be seen clearly. the distance gets shorter.

Hyperopia: It is the result of the image being formed behind the retina with the eyeball getting a slightly flattened position from the edges.

Especially if our parents, after a certain age, are reading a book or adapting to technology. scrolling through social media We witness that he tries to read what he wants to look away from. Hypermetropic patients, unlike myopic ones, have difficulty seeing up close.

However, contrary to what is thought, hyperopia is not only a type of visual impairment that begins to be seen with age, but also an eye defect that can occur at any age. convex lenses The visual comfort of the person can be increased with glasses and contact lenses designed using

Astigmatism: It is the condition that the cornea in the front of the eye is not symmetrical.

We remember from our high school knowledge that the light is refracted and forms an image on the retina in the cornea, which has an outward curved, oval structure. In astigmatism, light refracted in the cornea drops at multiple points. So, as a result, how does someone with astigmatism see?

Person objects in astigmatism, which mostly occurs due to genetic reasons. can’t choose clearlyblurred or even double vision. The effects of this visual defect, which can be seen together with myopia and hyperopia, can be eliminated with the help of glasses or contact lenses.

Yellow Spot (Macular Degeneration): It occurs as a result of the degeneration of the macula, the central point at the back of the eye, which is located in the retina, the part that perceives the image, and at the same time, the clearest image is formed.

Vision loss in people with macular degeneration begins at the focal point of the visual field and as the cells there decrease over time, the visual field restriction spreads to the edges.

Although there is no complete blindness, the patients severely reducing quality of life This disease begins to manifest itself especially in advanced ages. A number of side treatments are applied to increase the quality of life of people in macular degeneration, which does not have a definitive treatment method.

Cataract: The lens of the eye, which allows the image to fall on the retina, usually increases with age. It is a visual ailment caused by loss of transparency.

People with cataracts report seeing as if they are looking through a frosted glass. According to some, cataract, which is considered an eye disease, according to some doctors a result of aging.

At the beginning of the disease discoloration, slight blurring is seen and the quality of vision decreases over time. Thanks to advanced surgical operations, a great improvement can be achieved.

Diabetic Retinopathy: As can be understood from its name, it is an eye disease seen in diabetics, in which the vessels and nerves in the eye are damaged.

In general, diabetes, that is, diabetes, affects the nerves and vessels seriously. In diabetic retinopathy, eye area of ​​vessels and nerves retina is damaged.

With laser therapy, the patient’s quality of life can be greatly improved. However, the first thing to do in order not to come face to face with this disease is to take care of healthy nutrition and keeping blood sugar at ideal levels to stay away from diabetes.

Glaucoma (Eye Pressure): It is an eye disease caused by damage to the optic nerves due to increased intraocular pressure.

The nerves in the eye provide the transmission of the image falling on the retina to the brain, so these nerves are one of the biggest factors in realizing the visual function. Increasingly an insidious disease Glaucoma progresses gradually from the moment it starts to form. Early diagnosis of this disease, which may result in vision loss, is extremely important.

Retinal Detachment: Located inside the eyeball It is an eye disease caused by the detachment of the retinal layer.

After the retina starts to tear, the disease process continues with retinal detachment, that is, the separation of the retina from the layer. In retinal detachment, which seriously threatens vision, the person is intensely flying flies with flashes of light encounters. When detected in the early period, it can be largely corrected by surgical intervention.

In all eye diseases and visual disorders mentioned above, as in many other diseases, early diagnosis of the problem is very important. If you have similar visual disturbances, make an appointment with an ophthalmologist immediately. before the situation gets serious you can solve the problem.

Sources: 1, 2

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