Another face of violence against women: What is female genital mutilation?

Due to the society we live in, almost all of us grew up with the fact of circumcision and we are quite familiar with what it is; however, in this article, we will talk about something very different from the circumcision we know: Female circumcision.

applied to men circumcision process, whether it is necessary and ‘masculinity’ Although it is a matter of great debate as it is associated with the perception of human health, it is a very common procedure around the world for different reasons and often does not cause major health complications. Although it is known that it is generally practiced by Muslims, it is possible to encounter male circumcision frequently in non-Muslim societies.

What about you in some communities? women What if we told you he was circumcised? Bride female genital mutilation Let’s take a look at what happened and the consequences.

What is female circumcision?

in essence a sexual mutilation female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation (KGM or FGM); external genitalia part of or of all performed by cutting. Africa countries, at least 28 female genital mutilation practiced in many different parts of the world, scientific and medical without any reason religious or cultural on the basis of ‘femininity’ perception and preparing young girls for ‘marriage’. In addition, in a wrong way It is believed that this procedure should be done in societies that practice female genital mutilation, which is claimed to increase genital hygiene; those who are not circumcised “filthy” and “worthless” women and girls by creating a perception as psychological this process is difficult.

African little girl

Just as male circumcision is seen as a transition to manhood, female circumcision is also a practice for young girls. transition to womanhood and usually the person to whom it is applied against his will also because it was carried out women violence and child abuse seen as a variety. So actually society fear of exclusion, increasing male sexual pleasure and although it has nothing to do with maintain genital hygiene This process, which is done by hiding behind reasons such as sole purpose, crippling women genitally when they are still young children, after entering puberty sex drive and pleasure until they get married virgin to make sure they stay.

African women

‘Circumciser’ known as the medical or anatomical mostly by older women without knowledge non-sterile environments without anesthesia In addition to the unbearable pain it inflicts, this traumatic procedure, applied in some way, permanent health problems mistake to the deaths It can even lead to Despite all this, female genital mutilation is still practiced in societies where it is practiced. of their culture and ethnic identities part and a religious obligation seen as. United NationsAccording to estimation, so far 200 million or more women and girls have been circumcised and have suffered genital mutilation. In other words; every 20 of women and girls somebody this has been processed. Every year 3 million women face this danger.

How is female circumcision practiced?

Tools used in female genital mutilation

Generally, female circumcision is performed in the home of the person to whom the procedure will be performed, under non-sterile conditions, without anesthesia in cases where the circumciser does not approve. knife, razor, scissors, glass, sharpened rock or nail is being used. Yes, you read it right, we are talking about the quotation we know. According to an interview with a Ugandan nurse circumcision of 30 different women with a knife it was even used.

world Health Organization According to (WHO) there are 4 types of female genital mutilation. These are as follows:

  • Type 1: Clitoridectomy
  • Type 2: Excision
  • Type 3: Infibulation
  • Type 4

An instrument used in female genital mutilation

Type 1: Clitoridectomy

It is a very sensitive area. your clitoris It is the process of cutting all or part of the outer visible part and the surrounding skin.

Type 2: Excision

labia minora It is the process of cutting all or part of the clitoris together with the vaginal inner lips. This process is sometimes referred to as the outer part of the skin of the vulva. labia majora can also be included.

Type 3: Infibulation

It is the process of sealing the vagina by leaving a small hole where urine and menstrual blood can come out. The outer and inner lips surrounding the vagina deformed It is made by distorting its shape. Infection In this application, which has a very high risk, sometimes the hole left open for urine and menstrual blood is very small. sexual intercourse and birth for this hole widening by cutting may be required.

Type 4

Drilling, engraving, scraping and incineration As, all other procedures performed on the genital area without a medical purpose are counted as Type 4.

Consequences of FGM

frightened african boy

With the contribution of the inadequacy of those who perform the procedure, the damage caused by the procedure and the unhealthy environments in which it is performed, female genital mutilation; excessive bleeding, infection and shock by eliminating complications such as deadly consequences can give birth. Post-procedure pain, swelling and inflammation due to urination problems urinary tract infection it could be. After the wound has first healed abscess It can cause tremendous pain.

frightened african girl

Especially Type 3, well of infibulation It is very likely to evolve into long-term health problems. Because the urethral opening is closed or very small, the urinary tract infection we mentioned above is constantly present. can repeat. Again, the opening is too small by preventing menstrual flow reproductive tract infections, decreased fertility or directly infertility can cause major problems such as According to a study, the least number of infertility cases in northern Sudan 20 to 25%It is estimated that it may be related to infibulation.

African woman and her daughter

before normal delivery deinfibulation, that is, if the infibulation process is not reversed, the birth process will become much more difficult than it is normally, and for the mother and the baby. fatal may cause possible complications. Birth rate in countries where infibulation is performed high school This is during the years a female can reproduce, given that multiple times It means that it is subject to infibulation.

an african woman

In addition to all these, a woman’s ability to enjoy sexual pleasure is reduced as a result of cutting the clitoris and other sensitive tissues. Circumcised women have a smaller-than-normal vaginal opening and scar tissue from the circumcision procedure. vaginal elasticity They experience very painful sexual intercourse due to During sexual intercourse tearing and excessive bleeding may occur and in some cases infiltrated female genitals, to penetration can be reopened to allow.

couple arguing

Although one of the reasons for doing it is to increase the sexual pleasure of men, female circumcision negatively affects the pleasure that men get from sexual intercourse. At least one of the spouses is circumcised and the rest are uncircumcised. 300 In a study of polygamous men, these 300 men 266stated that they definitely prefer their uncircumcised wives, 60He also said that his circumcised wives had penetration problems due to the loss of elasticity in the vaginal opening due to scar tissue with each birth, and that’s why they married a second wife. When the conditions are like this, it is inevitable to experience difficulties in marriages, especially with fertility problems. According to a study conducted in Sudan, circumcised women fertility rate, almost non 2 times lower; divorce rates than that of uncircumcised women. 2 times more. In summary, female genital mutilation your marriageability and your fertility Although it is claimed that it increases, what actually happens is the opposite.

Why is female circumcision still practiced?

A study with the theme of stopping female genital mutilation

Medical complications And given everything else it causes, the same question immediately comes to everyone’s mind: Why is female genital mutilation still practiced?? First, if we go over the religious and cultural reasons, how often such problems are experienced because there is little data on the subject and what is available is from small-scale studies. completely not known. Second, in societies where a large proportion of women are circumcised, many of the problems women actually experience with circumcision are women. their normal life it is considered normal as if it were a part of it and is not even associated with circumcision. And finally, the main reason – and this is perhaps the most important – is the situation women are in. social and economic sleeping conditions.

Fighting female genital mutilation

an African girl

World Health Organization, United Nations (UN), Amnesty International (AI) and many other organizations, women who have undergone circumcision psychological and physical trauma Although studies continue to end this process by drawing attention, it is known that female genital mutilation is increased by illegal methods in countries such as England, where it is prohibited, according to the latest data.

February 6 is the day of zero tolerance for female genital mutilation.

6 of Februaryif the International Day of Zero Tolerance Against Female Genital Mutilation passes as.